Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center

Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer can be curable when caught early, but it is still the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths in the U.S. That’s why Sylvester encourages adults 50 and older to regularly screen for colon cancer. And those at increased risk should begin even earlier.

Sylvester offers several screening options, including state-of-the-art virtual colonoscopy, which is a minimally invasive alternative to conventional colonoscopy that uses computed tomography (CT) scanning to identify polyps and cancers in the large intestine. For more information or to schedule an appointment for a colon screening test at Sylvester, please call 305-243-1000 or 800-545-2292.

Treatment & Diagnosis

Generally, colorectal cancer is treated with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or some combination of the three. Specific treatment recommendations are based on a patient’s age, overall health and medical history, as well as the extent of the disease and other individual factors. At Sylvester, we offer state-of-the-art surgical care as well as medical oncology and radiation oncology services.


The primary treatment for colorectal cancer is an operation called a segmental resection. During this surgery, the cancer and a length of normal tissue on either side of the cancer are removed, as well as the nearby lymph nodes.

Read more about surgery at Sylvester »

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells either after surgery, to kill small areas of cancer that may not be seen during surgery, or instead of surgery. It may also be used prior to surgery to ease symptoms such as pain, bleeding, or blockage. Radiation may be delivered externally through a beam, or internally, through small pellets of radioactive material placed directly into the cancer.

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Chemotherapy is the use of anticancer drugs given into a vein or by mouth to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy is often used after surgery. It also can be used to help relieve symptoms of advanced cancer.

Read more about chemotherapy at Sylvester »

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