Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center

Education: Leukemia, Lymphoma and Myeloma

Leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma are cancers that originate in the bone marrow (leukemia and myeloma) or in the lymphatic tissues (lymphoma). Each of these blood-related cancers involves the uncontrolled growth of cells with similar functions and origin.

Leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma are not inherited diseases. They result from a genetic injury to the DNA of a single cell. This cell then becomes abnormal and multiplies, eventually interfering with the production of healthy blood cells. Without healthy blood cells, the body is unable to protect itself against infections. DNA, or Deoxyribonucleic acid, forms the basic material in the chromosomes of the cell nucleus. It contains the genetic code and is responsible for much of our appearance, behavior, and physiology.

According to the National Cancer Institute, more than 140,000 people in the United States are diagnosed with leukemia, lymphoma, or myeloma each year. New cases of leukemia, Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and myeloma account for almost nine percent of the new cancer cases diagnosed in the United States each year.

In addition, there is no genetic testing available at this time to see if a person is genetically predisposed to blood-related cancers.

Learn more about Leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma: