Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center

Education: Pediatric Cancer

According to the American Cancer Society, about 10,700 children in the United States under the age of 15 are diagnosed with cancer each year. Because of major treatment advances in recent years, 80 percent of these children will survive 5 years or more. Among all age groups, the most common childhood cancers are leukemia, lymphoma, brain and nervous system cancer. As kids enter the teen years, there is an increase in the incidence of osteosarcoma (bone cancer). Other types of pediatric cancers include: retinoblastoma, and Wilms tumor.

Because childhood cancers are uncommon, outcomes are more successful when treated at a pediatric cancer center, where clinical trials are available.