Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center

Prevention: Prostate, Bladder & Kidney Cancers

Prostate Cancer

According to the National Cancer Institute, several studies are underway to explore how prostate cancer might be prevented. These include the use of dietary supplements, such as vitamin E and selenium. In addition, recent studies suggest that a diet that regularly includes tomato-based foods may help protect men from prostate cancer.

Certain drugs are also being studied that may help prevent prostate cancer or the recurrence of the disease. Additionally, researchers are investigating whether diets that are low in fat and high in soy, fruits, vegetables, and other foods might prevent a recurrence of prostate cancer.

Bladder Cancer

While there is no known way to prevent bladder cancer, the American Cancer Society recommends the following to reduce a person’s chances for developing bladder cancer:

  • Do not smoke
  • Avoid occupational exposure to certain chemicals
  • Drink plenty of liquids—This may limit the time that cancer-causing substances present in urine will remain in contact with bladder cells

Kidney Cancer

The exact cause of renal cell cancer is not known. However, doctors believe that certain preventive measures, particularly avoiding tobacco products, may help reduce the risk of developing renal cell cancer for some individuals. Other preventive measures include a healthy diet (high in fruits, vegetables, grains, and low in saturated fat), maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding exposure to asbestos and cadmium.