All research and clinical material published by the University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine on the School’s website is for informational purposes only. Readers are encouraged to confirm the information contained herein with other sources. Patients and consumers should review the information carefully with their professional health care provider. The information is not intended to replace medical advice offered by physicians. The University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine and the University of Miami will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising there from.